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Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention

Stroke

Stroke is a type of cardiovascular disease which occurs as result of blockage of blood vessel supplying oxygen and nutrients to the brain. This blockage could happen either by a clot or bursts impairing enough supply of oxygenated blood to the effected part which in turn starts to die. Almost every 45 seconds an American gets a stroke.

Types of Stroke

Call 911 Sticker

Stroke can happen either by obstruction of blood flow to the brain by a blood clot or obstruction of the flow of blood to the brain by a blood vessel ruptures:

  • Ischemic Stroke: Ischemic strokes are the most common type of stroke (83%) and  occur as a result of an obstruction in blood vessels supplying the brain
  • Hemorrhagic stroke:  This type of stroke is not as much common (17%) and results from rupture of blood vessels supplying brain.

Warning Signs

Give Me Five
  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body   
  • Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding   
  • Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes   
  • Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination   
  • Sudden, severe headache with no known cause

Risk Factors

  • High blood pressure
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Physical inactivity

For Health Professionals

Standards of Care and Evidence Based Guidelines